MOE before VNO activation - Printable Version
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MOE before VNO activation - jvkohl - 03-17-2010 12:59 AM
In contrast to Dr. Richard L Doty's opinion, there appear to be mammalian pheromones after all. But I don't think many researchers expected VNO activation to follow odor detection by the main olfactory epithelium in other mammals. (Humans, of course, do not have a functional VNO).
Although it is now established that sensory neurons in both the main olfactory epithelium and the vomeronasal organ may be activated by both general and pheromonal odorants, it remains unclear what initiates sampling by the vomeronasal organ. Anterograde transport of wheat germ agglutininâ€“horseradish peroxidase was used to determine that adequate intranasal syringing with zinc sulfate interrupted all inputs to the main olfactory bulb but left intact those to the accessory olfactory bulb. Adult male treated mice were frankly anosmic when tested with pheromonal and non-pheromonal odors and failed to engage in aggressive behavior. Treated juvenile females failed to show puberty acceleration subsequent to exposure to bedding from adult males. Activation of the immediate early gene c-Fos and electrovomeronasogram recording confirmed the integrity of the vomeronasal system in zinc sulfate-treated mice. These results support the hypothesis that odor detection by the main olfactory epithelium is required to initiate sampling by the vomeronasal system.
James V. Kohl